FOOD FOR THOUGHT:
You may think of your pet as a member of your family, but you shouldn’t feed him like one!
Before you inadvertently make your pet sick, find out what foods are dangerous!
- Avocados – This tasty fruit can be the pits for pets – its high fat content can cause an upset stomach, vomiting and even pancreatitis, and the large seed is a choking hazard.
- Chives, garlic, onions – Whether raw of cooked, a small amount of these vegetables can damage your dog’s or cat’s red blood cells. An upset stomach, anemia, weakness and kidney damage are all possible consequences of ingestion.
- Chocolate – Although this sweet treat may seem harmless, it can be lethal to your pup – for a 16 pound dog, 2 ounces of baking chocolate or 16 ounces of milk chocolate can cause a stomach ache, rapid heatbeat and seizure.
- Raisins and grapes – A day after your pup consumes them, the outcome could be stomach problems or, in the absence of medical help, kidney failure.
THE NOSE KNOWS
Why Your Dog’s Sense of Smell is Superior to Yours
We all know it’s true – when it comes to the sense of smell, people can’t compare to their dogs. A dog’s sense of smell is at least 40 times – and perhaps 100 times – more sensitive than ours, and a look at the noses of our four-legged friends makes it easy to understand why.
Everything about a dog’s nose is designed to enhance his sense of smell. The inside of a dog’s nose is filled with densely packed rolls of sensitive membrane tissue that absorb odors from inhaled air and send this information to the dog’s brain. This membrane is so tightly folded, that if it was taken from a dog’s nose and laid out in a single layer, it would cover an area equal to about two thirds of the animal’s entire body. By contrast, the “olfactory membrane” in a human’s nose is about one half square inch, or about the size of a postage stamp.
Everyone knows a dog’s nose is always wet, but did you know why? It’s because the moisture helps to dissolve odor molecules in the air, making them easier to recognize. The wetness also helps him clear old odors out of his nasal passages, to let him better recognize new ones.
As if their noses weren’t already accurate enough, dogs have an additional scent organ, called the vomeronasal organ, that humans don’t have. Buried behind the canine teeth on the roof of the mouth, this organ makes dogs even more accurate in recognizing odors.
Not surprisingly, smell is the most important sense for newborn puppies, who start life blind and deaf, and rely on scents to locate their mothers when nursing. Dogs continue to rely heavily on smell throughout their lives. In fact, biologists say a dog will depend on his sense of smell more than his short range vision to identify objects in his immediate vicinity.